Useful Documents

1996 ICOMOS Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage

This charter was prepared by ICUCH and ratified by the 11th ICOMOS General Assembly in Sofia, Bulgaria in October 1996. It is intended to encourage the protection and management of underwater cultural heritage in inland and inshore waters, in shallow seas and in the deep oceans. It focuses on the specific attributes and circumstances of cultural heritage under water and supplements the 1990 Charter for the Protection and Management of Archaeological Heritage (see below).

1990 ICOMOS Charter for the Protection and Management of Archaeological Heritage

Prepared by the International Committee for the Management of Archaeological Heritage (ICAHM) an approved by the 9th General Assembly in Lausanne in 1990.

Recommendation on international principles applicable to archaeological excavations 

Established by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, meeting at New Delhi, from 5 November to 5 December 1956.

1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world’s oceans and seas,  establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources. It enshrines the notion that all problems of ocean space are closely interrelated and need to be addressed as a whole.

1995 ICOM – CIDOC Draft International Core Data Standard for Archaeological Sites and Monuments 

Produced by the Archaeological Sites Working Group of the International Committee for Documentation (CIDOC) of the International Council of Museums (ICOM), the draft standard defines the minimum categories of information required to assess an archaeological site or monument, for planning, management, academic or other purposes.

1964 Venice Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites

Article 15 identifies that excavations should be carried out in accordance with scientific standards and the recommendation defining international principles to be applied in the case of archaeological excavation adopted by UNESCO in 1956.